The Agganna Sutta presents a Buddhist creation fable with a moral about castes. Here is a condensed version of the tale. AGGANNA SUTTA: On Knowledge of Beginnings. This is a text taken from a larger collection called the Long Discourses (Digha. Nikaya); the teachings. In contrast with the brahmin’s self-serving mythologies of the past, the Buddha presents an account of evolution that shows how human choices are an integral.
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Devolution and Evolution in the Agganna Sutta | Sugunasiri | Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies
But there are people who became greedy and lazy. The Buddha emphasizes the message of universality in the Dhamma and how the Dhamma is the best of all things. Now let us set aside evil, unuseful, and impolite things.
The people consumed them for sutra very long time. The Buddha then elaborates that if any of the caste does the following deeds: On the science part, Buddha implied the theory of the Evolution of the Universe, where it is said to shrink and then expand in repeated cycles.
The sutta describes a discourse imparted by the Buddha to two brahminsBharadvaja and Vasettha, who left their family and caste to become suttta. The creatures began to devour them as well, and they also found it delicious, like sweet honey and milk. Long Discourses aganna The Origin of the World. Again he was seized and rebuked, and some hit him with their fists, some with stones, and some with sticks.
They both approach the Buddha and after some formal proprieties, the Buddha asks the two if they received insults and denigration when they left their caste and layman’s life in order to join the order.
And in this way, Vasettha, taking what was not given, and censuring, and lying, and punishment, took their origin. Then those beings eating the solid nectar, with that as their food and nourishment, remained for a very long time.
Do not the Brahmins revile and abuse you? Because, Vasettha, anyone from the four castes who becomes a monk, an Arahant who has destroyed the corruptions, who has lived the life, done what had to be done, laid down the burden, reached the highest goal, destroyed the fetter of becoming, and become emancipated through super-knowledge stta he is proclaimed supreme by virtue of Dhamma and not of non-Dhamma. And the females developed female sex-organs, and the males afganna male organs.
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Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies
But, towards the Buddha, who came from the Sakyan people, King Pasenadi reveres, praises, and serves the Buddha with utmost respect. We shall pay them with a share of rice. But from the four clans, there were people who were not satisfied with their living, left their home and became celibate ascetics.
I gathered rice for four days all at once. Vijaya Sutta — Victory Sn 1. Because, Vasettha, this designates the Tathagata: But sooner or later, after a very long period, this world begins to expand again. So dutta will a Suttw, a Vessa or a Sudda.
And those beings set to and ate the fungus. Only brahmins are purified, not others. In the second part of the Sutta, the Buddha tells the story of how human beings came to dwell on Earth. Then one of those beings of idle disposition thought: They are bright deeds with bright results, praised by sensible people.
An aristocrat, brahmin, merchant, worker, or ascetic may do good things by way of body, speech, and mind. Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies 9: The Monarchy is also formed voluntarily, and the people elect the most righteous and capable person, which implied the Democracy concept.
So too will a Brahmin,  a Vessa or a Sudda. The remaining beings lived by hunting and menial tasks. And as they did so, their bodies became even coarser, and the difference in their looks increased still more But the single mass of water at that time was utterly dark.
Aggañña Sutta – Wikipedia
They grieved on the rising of evil amongst their people. When the solid nectar had vanished, ground-sprouts appeared to those beings. Thus, greed started to seep in and it ate the substance voraciously, greedily, also calling its comrades who were flying above and on earth to join in the feast.
It was beautiful, fragrant, and delicious, like ghee or butter. He aggannx the stages of cosmic, vegetation, human and linguistic evolution as indicated by the Buddha with those in western theory, beginning with Their origin was from among these very same beings They took more rice than they needed for one day’s meals. I gathered rice for supper and breakfast all at once.
What was reckoned as immoral at that time, these days is reckoned as moral. Then, after the turnips, the earth was grown with rice plants.
What have we lost! They made leaf-huts in forest places and meditated in them.
Not long afterwards, the creatures began to eat greedily, and due to the huge amount of the mud substance they could feed on it for a very long time. Due to this fever they had sex with each other.