Publisher: En , la Academia Americana de Pediatría recomendó realizar una ecografía renal y una cistouretrografía miccional a todos los. O paciente foi então submetido a uma cistouretrografia miccional, que revelou bexiga com capacidade normal, de contornos trabeculados e formações. Cistouretrografía miccional seriada. (CUMS): Esta técnica informa sobre la presencia de reflujo vésico-ureteral, sobre las características de la uretra proximal y.
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This chamber, positioned immediately below the collimator, registers the radiation emitted by the bulb during the examination time, monitoring the DAP and ESD in the patient being submitted to radiography and fluoroscopy.
Radiation dose reduction in paediatric fluoroscopy using added filtration. Reviewing applications can be fun and only takes a few minutes. The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases. Term search Jobs Translators Clients Forums. Post Your ideas for ProZ. Login to enter a peer comment or grade.
Mean values for voltage kV and load mAs obtained in the examinations were 72 kV and 6.
In a review of similar studies in developed in other countries, one can better evaluate such difference. However, considering what occurred in the fluoroscopy study, where similar equipment presented very different cistouretrografa, leading to the finding of a serious problem in one of them which led to its deactivation, one may question if some technical non-conformity might be happening, and thus justify the high doses observed in the present study.
One of these units produced a DAP five times higher than the other and 4, cGy. The authors’ findings allow them to suggest that both DAP and ESD are good parameters to evaluate appropriate dose levels for voiding cystourethrography.
cistouretrografía miccional con TV | Spanish to English | Medical: Health Care
However, even being such use justifiable by the benefits to patients, standards and radioprotection techniques cannot be forgotten.
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The radiographs in the full filling stage should comprise the entire presumable urinary tract. It is important to observe that the radiologist A performed the highest number and percentage of abnormal studies.
Paediatric x-ray examinations in Rio de Janeiro. The authors propose a greater awareness of radiologists, towards utilizing high kilovoltage techniques and reduced fluoroscopy time in the examination. View forum View forum without registering on UserVoice. Voiding cystourethrography is considered the standard method in the evaluation of vesicoureteral reflux and malformations of the urethra and bladder 4. The dose delivered by a determined radiological examination reaches its maximum on the surface of the irradiated area.
The use of ionizing radiation for diagnosis and therapy of pediatric patients has become a common practice with unquestionable benefits.
In an important Brazilian Institution of pediatric radiology, the doses are above those found in similar studies. The prevalence of a relevant pathology identified in children with VUR and normal renal ultrasonography was similar with both guidelines.
View Ideas submitted by the community. Automatic update in The utilization of high-kilovoltage and low-milliampere techniques, as well as fluoroscopy only for positioning the patient and observing the most remarkable alterations, will certainly cistouertrografia in an important dose reduction. Evaluation of radiation dose in voiding cystourethrography in children.
The main indications for this imaging method are: Ward 20 also suggests that, previously to the examination, the radiologist should obtain the clinical history of the patient and confirm if the indication is correct, or if some other method, such as radionuclide cystogram for example, might be a better indication to clarify the doubts of the assisting physician.
Inthe American Academy of Pediatrics AAP recommended perform a renal ultrasonography and custouretrografia cystourethrography to all infants between 2 and 24 months of age after their first urinary tract infection UTI.
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Survey of doses and frequency of X-ray examinations on children at the intensive care unit of a large reference pediatric hospital. Only one child might be considered obese, which does not influence the average technical factors. The routine for examination starts with an abdominal radiograph in anteroposterior projection, with the patient in dorsal decubitus. To evaluate dose-area product, skin entrance dose and doses from fluoroscopy and radiography in voiding cystourethrography studies of pediatric patients.
A comparison of doses and techniques between specialist and non-specialist centres in the diagnostic X-ray imaging of children. This hospital is a reference in neonatology, pediatric surgery and medical genetics; consequently, the number of patients with congenital abnormalities is very high, with frequent cases of urinary abnormalities.
One even questioned if there might be an expressive difference in the biometric profile among the children, however, the BMI evaluation showed that the majority of them were low-weight children.
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This demonstrates the need for a rigorous quality control in radiological equipment cisstouretrografia medical applications, especially in a pediatric hospital. The adoption of radiography with high kilovoltage technique and restricted utilization of fluoroscopy can result in a significant reduction of doses during this procedure, considering that the major contribution to the final dose comes from fluoroscopy.
The patients were divided into four age groups: The observation of total ESD ranging from 17 to We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with UTI, aged between 2 and 24 months old, seen at our cistouretrkgrafia between January and August and who had a normal renal ultrasonography and VUR. Considering that the fluoroscopy time ranged from 82 to 1, seconds mean, secondsthe authors can suggest a radical reduction of this time.
Most recent studies 19,20 approach the utilization of technically more updated equipment, with the so called pulsed fluoroscopy, which considerably reduces the total dose, by directly influencing the fluoroscopy dose reduction.
You will also have access cistouretrogeafia many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs or are passionate about them. However the values found were discrepant, ranging from 0. Login or register free and only takes a few minutes to participate in this question. The prevalence cistourretrografia a relevant miiccional among patients studied as per the guidelines 9 out of 24 cases, 3 with atypical UTI or as per the guidelines 11 out of 21 cases was similar