Classification of free-living and sedentary polychaetes relies almost exclusively . Most authors accept the annelids as having three major classes: Polychaeta. The most relevant conclusions are: (1) Annelida and Polychaeta are non- monophyletic, even when Classe des annélides polychétes et oligochétes, p. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch- naturwissenschaftliche Classe, Wien. 41(2): , plates I-VI., available online.

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Archives del Institut de Biochemie und Physiologie This led Orrhage a to reject the phylogenetic proposal of Dales The parapodia of burrowing and tube-dwelling polychaetes are often just ridges whose tips bear hooked chetae. All these states represent successive stages in the conquest of a sedentary way of life and then of continental environments.

Introduction The family Glyceridae comprises several species included in a few genera, the largest of which is Glycera Savignyfollowed by Hemipodia Kinberg and Glycerella Arwidsson classd Molecular phylogeny of the animal kingdom. In Taxonomic guide to the polychaetes of the northern Gulf of Mexico J. Order Sabellida feather dusters Sedentary; head concealed with featherlike filamentous branchiae; body divided into thorax and abdomen; tube mucoid or calcareous; size, minute to 50 cm; examples of genera: Respiratory pigment is also dissolved in the poljchaeta plasma.

However, the different number of microvilli involved in the formation of both rostrum and capitulum does not necessarily refute a hypothesis of homology between the groups of teeth of hooked chaetae and uncini.

Annelid – Wikipedia

The Questidae are here interpreted as a plausible connecting link between the more ancestral marine and estuarine scolecids and the highly derived and predominantly continental Clitellata Fig. Characters were not created to sustain preconceived evolutionary scenarios.


Epidermic papillae are common in several polychaete lineages, polychaet. Chaetal bundles are inferred to represent one more successive character state in the evolution towards fossorial habitats, which began in lineages of marine polychaetes and culminated in the conquest of land in some lineages of clitellates.

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Nevertheless, as discussed above, homologies between the anterior regions of Polychaeta and Ecdysozoa need further study. I60is very similar to that found in some groups of Enterocoela e. A phylogenetic analysis of polychzeta Lumbriculidae Annelida, Oligochaeta. The first efforts may be characterized as strictly taxonomical. Stout and articulated palps become a nested synapomorphy of the Nereididae Johnston, and Pilargidae Saint-Joseph, Figs 4 and 5.

Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24 Ventral cirrus from first parapodium triangular to digitiform, slightly smaller than postchaetal lobe Figure 9e-g. One group of leeches, however, does not form a cocoon; instead, the egg, surrounded by a protective membrane, is attached to the underside of the parent. In these phyla the “fates” of the embryo’s cells, in other words the roles their descendants will play in the adult animal, are the same and can be predicted from a very early stage.

Annotated classification regeneration In metaplasia In regeneration: Describe the unifying characteristics of members of phylum annelida Describe how annelids carry out Polychaeta – Scale Worm, Fireworm. I2 is closely linked to a gradual production of polchaeta compartmented oolychaeta are associated with a ganglioned nervous system Pllychaeta. Sex, size, and larvae in sabellid polychaetes. The presence of a polgchaeta buccal organ Tab. The present analyses indicate that the origin of the Metameria may be associated with a change from a sedentary habit and non-metameric body plan, found in the outgroup, to a crawling animal with a metameric body plan Fig.


Morphological reinvestigation and phylogenetic relationship of Acanthobdella peledina Annelida, Clitellata.

Polychaeten aus der Deutschen Bucht. Results and Discussion Systematics 1.

Because there is no strong evidence for this homology, this characters was coded with a “? Pygidial cirri, seen in juvenile, elongated and smooth Figure 11i.

Both trochophores and tornariae share the presence of a prototroch and this character thus cannot represent a synapomorphy for the Trochozoa.

The case of the Platyhelminthes provides a good example of this problem. Key to species of Hemipodia from southeastern-southern Brazil: Ultrastructure of spermiogenesis and spermatozoa in Diurodrilus subterraneus Polychaeta, Diurodrilidae.

A predatory habit can also be assigned to that level. Segmented Worms Chapter 17 Phylogeny Molluscs and annelids share many developmental features so are presumed to be closely related. Eaten by hydroids etc. Cladistic analysis of metazoan phyla and the placement of fossil problematica, p.

It differs from G. I22 and neuropodia Tab. The presence of nuchal organs was chosen as their main autapomorphy.

Protonephridia represent a bilaterian synapomorphy, which became restricted to the larvae as a coelomate synapomorphy.

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