This is a reprint of the English Translation of the Nyaya Sutras of Gautama by Mm . Dr. Ganganatha Jha, the versatile Sanskrit scholar who will ever be. Where There’s Smoke There’s Fire: Gautama’s Nyāya-Sūtra. Posted on 10 December The Nyāya-Sūtra inaugurates a tradition of logical and. Nyaya: Gautama’s Nyaya-sutra, with Vatsyayana’s commentary (Indian philosophy in its sources) [Gautama (Authority on Nyayasastra)] on *FREE*.

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The present aphorism dismisses the objection by stating that there is certainly a common non- distinctive knowledge about a man and a post suggested by the tall object, but there is no precise distinctive knowledge about them. In reply we say that it is not so. We maintain that repetition is possible even if the things repeated are ” other” or suttra.

If you call the agent as ” mind,” you will have to invent another name to designate the instrument. There aie little boys who are Brfihmanas, yet not possessed of learning and conduct. Presumption is explained as the knowledge of a thing derived through the consideration of it from the opposite standpoint. Instruments of knowledge are fourfold, Confusion caused by presumption and prejudice, Sound is noneternal theory, Theory of three meaning of words vyakti, akrti and jati.

There is no non-difference inasmuch as com- parison is established through the compendious expression “so. Please write feedback here Here you can read media articles about the Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia which have been published all over the world.

A proposition is the declaration of what is to nuaya established.

One may sum up the situation pretty safely by saying that we have not the nyzya idea who wrote the Nyayasutras or when he lived. This is, we reply, not so because the desire in a new-borp child is caused by the ideas left in his soul by the things he enjoyed in his previous lives. The text identifies three types of causes — inherent or material cause Samavayi-karananon-inherent cause Asamavayi-karanaand efficient cause Nimitta-karana.


II Udyotakara’s Nyiiyavartika, nyays lines. In the case of colour, however, the manifestation takes place just at the time when the jar comes into union with the lamp.

There is no tautology, because re-inculcation is of advantage. If sound were eternal it would be perceived before pronunciation. That the substratum of sound is intangible is no counter-argument. They acquire an apparent or conditional existence in virtue of a certain relation which exists between them. Manu, adhyaya 12, verso The first scholar to try his hands on it was the late Dr.

This objection does not hold good, for compari- son is established through similarity in a high degree. Audible Download Gaytama Books.

The spell counteracts poison, etc.

The Nyaya-Sutras Of Gautama: With The Bhasya Of Vatsyayana And The Vartika Of Uddyotakara

Of two opposite things the non-existence of one establishes the existence of the other, eq. It does not conflict with the view that Aksapada is identical with Gautama author of the Gautama Dharma-Sutra which is ” declared to be the oldest of the existing works on the sacred lawj, 1 ‘ Aksapada-Gautama, founder of the Nyaya Philosophy, was almost a contemporary of Buddha-Gautama who founded Buddhism and Indra- bhfiti Gautama nyxya was a disciple of Alalia vira the reputed founder of Jainism.

Thus an object may be known through the non-existence absence of its mark. The Variisa- Brfihmana of the Samaveda mentions four members of the Gotama famiJyt among the teachers who transmitted that Veda to posterity, viz t the Radii a-Gautama, Gaff-Gautama, Sumanta-bfibhrava- Gautama and Saihkara- Gautama ; and the Chtlndogya Upanigad of the same Veda mentions another teacher named Harklnimata-Gautamat who was approached by Satya-Kaina Javfila to be his teacher.

A part implies the whole, and perception of a part gautzma perception of the whole. The word l dadhi ‘ conjoined with the word ‘ atra ‘ becomes ‘ dadh- yatra ‘ by the rule of Sanskrit grammar.


Consequently sound is not eternal. His opponent Buddhist replies: The objection itself, we say, is invalid because it leads to uncertainty. An atom, on the other hand, is eternal though not intangible.

Full text of “The Nyaya Sutras of Gotama”

So the connection between a word and its meaning is not everywhere uniform and consequently verbal testimony cannot be considered as inference. Similarly, the sound of a drum is manifested when the drum conies into union with a rod, and the sound.

Soul, body, senses, objects of sense, intellect, mind, activity, fault, transmigration, fruit, pain and release- — are the objects of right knowledge.

The connection between a sign and the thing signified, which is the basis of inference, is obvious to perception. Views Read Edit View history. Subsequently the work was taken up by a friend of mine at Calcutta ; but when I asked him, after a few years, how far he had progressed, he told me frankly that the work was terribly difficult and so he had given it up.

The aphorism may also be explained as follows: Enter your mobile number or email address below sutrs we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Keshavashastri, who nyxya on the work up to a few pages and then apparently gave it up. Similarly the changes of countenance in a child must be caused by something. Some say that there are other means of right knowledge such as rumour, presumption, probability and non-existence.

This is not so, because the non-existence ab- sence of a mark serves as a mark in relation to the pre- sence of the mark.

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