Aspectos Clínicos da Arterite Temporal The Horton’s disease, also known as giant cells arteritis (GCA), temporal arteritis or cranial arteritis (1) (2), is a chronic . arteritis, and temporal arteritis) is the most common of the systemic vasculitides . Groupe de Recherche sur l’Artérite à Cellules Géantes. RESUMO – É raro doença encéfalo-vascular como primeira manifestação de arterite temporal. Relatamos dois casos, nos quais o diagnóstico emergiu da.

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Giant cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica. Temporal artery biopsy was not performed artertie control subjects. The claudication during the walk may also be observed 9. This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat Within the neurologic manifestations, the main complaint is headache which is the GCA’s cardinal affection and the most frequent complaint that leads the patient to the doctor.

Oral steroids are at least as effective as intravenous steroids, [19] except in the treatment of acute visual loss where intravenous steroids appear to offer significant benefit over oral steroids. Some have been suggesting the use of aspirin or anticoagulants in the treatment of the temporal arteritis to prevent ischemic lesions, due to reports of thrombocytosis in some patients artertie Special attention and care should be given to their use, because they may cause or aggravate osteoporosis, psychosis tempofal digestive hemorrhage Given the lack arerite specificity both of the clinical and laboratory data [ 2 ], a temporal artery biopsy is always included in the algorithm for the approach to diagnose GCA [ 3 ].

These studies suggested that the presence of the halo sign that is, a dark area around the vessel lumen probably due to arterial wall edema is highly specific for GCA. Biopsy is arherite necessary in a substantial proportion of patients in whom bilateral halo signs can be found by CDS. Takayasu’s arteritis Giant-cell arteritis. Polymyalgia rheumatica PMR is an inflammatory disorder involving pain and stiffness in the shoulder and usually the hip.


Women have from 2 to 6 times more chances to be affected than men 1probably due to hormonal factors; however we observed that the female sex prevalence is associated with the rheumatic polymialgia and not in its pure form 5. D ICD – GCA is a panarteritis that insults older people arterire exclusively. Graves’ disease Myasthenia gravis Pernicious anemia. The study protocol was ethically approved, and all subjects gave informed consent.

What Is Giant Cell Arteritis?

The intense headache, temporal tumefaction, mandibular claudication and visual loss are the main signals and symptoms. Pathophysiology, Clinical Aspects and Therapeutic Approaches.

Although an inflammatory wall thickening was evident along the whole length of a particular branch in some cases, a segmental, patchy appearance of distinct, well-defined halos length ranging between 5 and 15 mm was evident in CDS. This frequency is clearly lower than expected [ 1 – 3 ], but similar findings have been reported in other cohorts of patients with GCA [ 18 ]. Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy Cryoglobulinemic vasculitis Bullous small vessel vasculitis Cutaneous small-vessel vasculitis.

Aceito 18 Janeiro Unilateral biopsy of a 1. Giant-cell arteritis Synonyms Temporal arteritis, cranial arteritis, [1] Horton disease, [2] senile arteritis, [1] granulomatous arteritis [1] The arteries of the face and scalp.

Clinical Aspects of the Temporal Arteritis

Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice. Archived from the original on 25 September Along this line, although a true positive finding cannot be ruled out in our patient with tuberculosis, the halo that was demonstrated in this wrterite case may represent a low examination quality.


Demonstration of the left superficial temporal artery trunk by colour duplex sonography in a healthy person. System settings most of them always uniform, some of them case-adjusted were as follows: Sixty consecutive patients aged 50 years or above who presented at the outpatient Rheumatology or Internal Medicine Clinics at Laikon Hospital Athens, Greece between and with clinical suspicion of GCA were prospectively studied.

Loading Stack – 0 images remaining. Bhatti MT, Tabandeh H. There may occur dysacusis, necrosis of the tongue and odynophagia. This group is composed by patients with any of the criteria of major specificity or with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Table 1 Temporxl characteristics and final diagnoses in 55 patients with clinically suspected GCA.

A temporal artery biopsy, which albeit was not directed in this particular patient, was negative for vasculitis.

Previous studies comparing CDS and histology of the temporal artery in GCA suggested that patients with halos had a more pronounced inflammatory cell infiltration in biopsy whereas patients without halos demonstrated histological signs of subtle inflammation [ 28 ]. To the best of our knowledge, the specificity of this particular sign in CDS has not been examined previously.

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