Principles of Atoric Lens Design – Laramy-K Optical. Views. 4 years ago. Lens, · Lenses, · Aspheric, · Atoric, · Cylinder, · Meridian, · Spherical. free-form back surface aspheric/atoric design with a spherical front surface to % of the aspheric/atoric design is surfaced on the back side of the lens. Jan 21, I have one question about those above topics What is the difference between aspheric, toric and atoric (for glasses, not for contact lenses).

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Toric lens – Wikipedia

Just as the focal power of a lens effectively increases away from its optical axis, so does the magnification or minification produced by the lens. Spherical aberration and coma occur because the focal power of a lens effectively increases away from its optical axis.

While aspheric lenses do not provide better vision than best form lenses, they do provide equivalent vision in a flatter, thinner, and lighter lens. This means that a lens using an aspheric surface will generally be thinner than a lens using a spherical surface of the same power.

Wearers can therefore enjoy the widest fields of clear vision possible, regardless of prescription. Inwhen W. Since a flatter lrns height brings the back surface closer to the eye, the minification associated with minus lenses is also reduced slightly.

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This is a technical, intermediate level course intended for dispensing opticians, laboratory technicians, and paraoptometric personnel. Changes to the basic design of fesign lenses have therefore been limited to subtle variations in optical design across a handful of base curves that must work sufficiently well over relatively broad prescription ranges.

Moreover, it is possible to exaggerate the asphericity of a surface in order to maximize cosmesis, though this will generally result in deaign levels of unwanted astigmatism. This process is referred to as lens design or optimization.

Put simply, an aspheric surface is a surface that departs from being perfectly spherical. Essentially, plate height is the height of a lens as measured from a flat plane. The far-point FP of the eye is conjugate to the retina, meaning that rays of light from a lens that come to a focus at the far-point will also be brought to a focus at the retina once refracted by atoriv eye. Tscherning demonstrated mathematically that there were in fact two recommended or “best form” spherical best curves for each lens power: Today, aspheric surfaces are mainly used to allow lens designers to produce flatter, thinner lenses with the superior optical performance of the steeper corrected curve, or best form, lenses.


Light rays within a plane through the axis of revolution the z axis of the torus are refracted according to the smallest radius atorix curvature, rwhich means that it has the greatest refractive power, s. Originally Posted by Atorif.

An aspheric surface departs more and more from a spherical surface dezign from its center, just as oblique astigmatism would normally increase more and more when looking away from the center. Power error is a spherical -like focusing error, and is similar in effect to unwanted sphere power in a prescription. With modern computer-controlled design, grinding and polishing techniques, good vision corrections can be achieved for even wider angles of view by allowing certain deviations from the toric shape.

For plus lenses, flat lenses use either convex curves for both the front and back i. As a result, small changes to the original prescription are required at the distance and near verification points of the lens. Consequently, some practitioners may specify “match base curves” on a new prescription. Each base curve in the series is used for atoeic a small range of prescriptions, as specified by the manufacturer. For instance, the lens aberrations produced by “flattening” a lens form i.

Oblique astigmatism interacts optically with the surface astigmatism of the progressive lens design, causing the zones of clear vision to shrink. This term refers to the fact that the base curve has been chosen in order to correct certain aberrations. Moreover, unless the corridor length of the lens design matches the ideal length associated with a given frame, visual utility is further compromised. Now, progressive lens designs can be fully customized to the visual requirements of individual wearers.

Since it cannot be eliminated using conventional base curve ranges, distortion is usually not a consideration for ophthalmic lens design. The sixth lens aberration, chromatic aberrationis a consequence of the dispersive properties of the actual lens material, and is not a function of lens design.

The first five lens aberrations are referred to as the monochromatic aberrationssince they occur independently of color. Flatter lens forms are slightly thinner than steeper lens forms, and vice versa. When light is incident upon a surface at an angle, it produces such an astigmatic focus. Using free-form surfacing, a leens can directly surface a variety of lens designs directly onto a semi-finished lens blank in addition to the prescription curves.


Today, their technology has evolved into a powerful optical design engine that performs complex calculations online in a centralized server computer using parameters supplied by the eyecare professional. Conseqently, these two aberrations are generally not a concern for ophthalmic lens designers. The best form lens design, on the other hand, offers a wide, clear field of vision.

Furthermore, the binocular utility of the lenses is lns with more symmetrical fields of view. Some cataract lenses, such as the Welsh 4-Dropemployed such an approach.

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Traditional lenses are only available in a limited number of base curves. One of the lens surfaces is shaped like a “cap” from a torus see figure at rightand the other one is usually spherical. Although vision through the center of a lens will be relatively sharp no matter what the form, vision through the periphery of a lens will vary greatly as a function of lens form.

Placing the progressive optics on the back surface of the lens eliminates the contribution of the front surface to these magnification changes.

To summarize, the goal of best form lens design is to determine the most “optically appropriate” base curve for a given focal power or range of focal powers. The dioptric difference between the actual focal point of the lens and its desired focal point is the power error of the lens.

The astigmatic error is equal to 1. The focal power of a lens is simply equal to the net effect of its front and back surfaces. The maximum thickness of a lens, for a given prescription, varies with the form of a lens. Additionally, the surface that is, front or back upon which the asphericity has been applied will also make a difference:. Wollaston experimented with different lens forms to improve peripheral vision.

Given the inherent limitations of traditional progressive lenses, this application of free-form technology offers the most meaningful visual benefit.

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