Late-Egyptian miscellanies. [Ricardo Augusto Gardiner, Alan H. Caminos] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Get this from a library! Late-Egyptian miscellanies.. [Ricardo Augusto Caminos; Alan H Gardiner]. Late-Egyptian miscellanies. Main Author: Caminos, Ricardo Augusto, Related Names: Gardiner, Alan H. , ed. Language(s): English.

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Catalog Record: Late-Egyptian miscellanies | Hathi Trust Digital Library

The use of such a curse formula seems excessive for a scribal exercise which by its transitory nature would not need to be protected in such a manner. Alan Henderson All of the conclusions about where schools were located, what was taught in the schools, and how students learned to read and write must be reexamined” I would also like to take the opportunity to thank Dr Richard Parkinson of the British Museum, who kindly took the time to read and comment on a draft of this paper, although of course I take full responsibility myself for any mistakes it may contain.

I would suggest that the different texts may have had different functions and that there is not necessarily a single function applicable to the manuscripts in their entirety. Anastasi III contains two colophons, and although both name the scribe Amenemope in their dedications, the first, unusually, appears in the middle of the instruction, so there is a possibility that it originated in the original source consulted by the copyist, and thus need not refer to the instruction itself the insertion of the name of the master is not surprising as this appears to be common practice when copying texts, and in particular model letters, into the miscellanies.

Anastasi 1 has been characterised as a satiric commentary on the educational system Fischer- Elfert, but it can also be read “as a self-mockery and a learned joke among equals” Parkinson, and has much in common with the compositions in the LEM dealing with the unattentive student. Es werde niedergelegt als Schriftstiick.

The following examples are all found with letter formulae only: Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen. The relationship between the colophons and the manuscripts is thus problematic – the colophons are contingent on practices that are imperfectly understood see in general Luiselli Late Egyptian Miscellanies 93 members of the scribal class, individuals who were involved in the bureaucratic adminis- tration.


Such a new approach need not altogether do away with the notion that the texts may, in part, have played a role in the education or training formal or unformal of scribal assistants and apprentices, but there is a complication related to the notions of’exercise’ and ‘reference’ here, and absolute definitions and categories may be unsuitable. One final but essential point is that the classification of the LEM as exercises also distorts what evidence there is for their use and status in ancient times, fuelling pre-conceived ideas about the nature of education and transmission of literary texts in ancient Egypt.

Journal of Egyptian Arhcaeology 44, A Tribute to Jac. Comments and reviews What are comments? Chester Beatty Papyri, no.

Catalog Record: Late-Egyptian miscellanies | Hathi Trust Digital Library

The formula employed in these colophons, i n ki n N. Despite the general acceptance of his theory, some scholars have occasionally expressed doubts e. However, although the manuscript appears complete, the text itself is unfinished, and the copyist may have intended to include more letters: Lats comparatively rare practice is a way of controlling and managing time, and these are issues relevant to life in general and perhaps especially so to junior scribes who may be less in control of their own time than senior scribes: Williams has remarked on the similar practice in Horace’s Epistles, “‘The very fact that they were not addressed to fictitious characters gives them an air of lively immediacy There is a clear picture of an internal hierarchy being painted by the terms of address used by miscellamies individuals mentioned in the titles, colophons and letter formulae of the LEM.

Moller’s comment in Erman6 n.

Late-Egyptian miscellanies ( edition) | Open Library

Festschrift Gertrude Thausing, Parkinsonin addition to their more specific application in letters. The first and most extensive example, from Sallier IV, is found in a rather curious position. Nordhniscellanies explicitly e. None of your libraries hold this item.

A further unfinished example can be found on an ostracon in the British Museum, number EApublished in Demaree43 and plate Oxford University Press, Oxford. The same may be true of the LEM: Late Egyptian Miscellanies 99 Leitz, C.


Late-Egyptian miscellanies

Fischer-Elfert ; Goldwasser, and this framing may well be in response to the formal title “instruction of letter-writing”. Williams; Dilke, but they, alqng with the onomastic lists, probably added to the manuscripts’ value as textual resources see under Miscellanies: Leiden 19th Dynasty Ramesses 11? These have largely been found in rubbish dumps, discarded in antiquity McDowell18 and Laundry lists and love songs.

Central aspects of the manuscripts a Contents The contents of the manuscripts are, as the modern English term given to them indicates, miscellaneous. Anastasi 1 Fischer-Elfertis not included here, although it shares some of the aspects of transmission and provenance with the LEM – it was included in the family archive of Qenherkhepshef from Deir el-Medina see Figure 4 along with miscellany-texts.

Some of the model letters may lack this literary value but note that letters both in prose and in verse have been very popular as a literary genre in the past – examples from the classical world include Pliny, Cicero and Horace: A colophon from the part of P. Open to the public Thesis English; Egyptian Show 0 more libraries Brunner; McDowellby later scholars.

Misceolanies only is the handwriting of lnena’s manuscripts miscellanoes competent, but the colophon from P. The epistolographic formulae employed in the miscellany-letters vary considerably in length and rhetorical complexity, but the formulae correspond at least in part to that found elsewhere in contemporary ‘real’ letters Bakirand Why is there so little consideration of gender in Egyptology?

Examples of this include: Three individual scribes are named in this example, only one of whom corresponds to lnena’s ‘teacher” Kagebu as identified by Ermanagain illustrating the purely dedicatory function of the formula. Such a later use is not incompatible with an origin of the MSS as ‘exercises’, although as outlined above there is little if any evidence that lats manuscripts were ever really Late Egyptian Miscellanies 97 that.

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