Russell’s Periodontal Indfex & CPITN Probe Seminar For Public Health Dentistry. A periodontal examination is a clinical examination of the periodontium (gums). It is routinely carried out in dentistry and allied specialties. Many different techniques are used around the world. A report by World Health Organization in led to the creation of the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN). Use of a special CPITN periodontal probe (or its equivalent) is recommended. For epidemiological purposes in adult populations, 10 specified index teeth are.
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For health services planning, the data provide a basis for estimating overall population needs in terms of treatment categories and the clinical personnel required for periodontal care. Influence of CPITN partial recordings on estimates of prevalence and severity of various periodontal conditions in adults. Individuals were selected according to availability in local industries, public health centers, public services, rural unions, high schools, the university, and commercial establishments.
Data were entered using Epi Info 6. Periodontitis severity and prevalence in this sample were similar to the values observed in similar populations, although the present study used a convenience sample 17,31,32 which could have influenced the predictive values but not the sensitivity and specificity if the prevalence was artificially modified by selection indez.
Several tests or indexes have been coitn for this purpose, mainly due to a growing impression of inadequacy in the existing instruments.
The objective was to assess the validity of CPITN index as indicator of anaerobic periodontal infection. BANA hydrolysis and T.
Periodontal examination – Wikipedia
Abstract To estimate the prevalence of periodontal disease in a rural population and to assess the periodontal treatment needs, a sample of individuals aged between 7 years and 70 years, from three villages in Ninevah Governorate was examined using the community periodental index of treatment needs to assess their periodontal condition. Representativeness of the “Ramfjord teeth” for epidemiologic studies of gingivitis and periodontitis.
Population data collected through the CPITN should be carefully interpreted, especially when drawing conclusions in the field of descriptive periodontal epidemiology targeting public health strategies, service cost studies and service demand estimation.
J Dent Res ; The CPITN, to some extent, could be considered a partial exam since the main clinical parameter accounting for the diagnosis is the probing depth, and the attachment level is not considered in the diagnosis, although the WHO recommends its use concomitant to the CPITN application.
Utility of Ramfjord index teeth to assess periodontal disease progression in longitudinal studies. Fifty-seven individuals were excluded for not meeting the minimum number of natural teeth.
Discussion Periodontitis severity and prevalence in this sample were similar to the values observed in similar populations, although the present study used a convenience sample 17,31,32 which could have influenced ihdex predictive values but not the sensitivity and specificity if the prevalence was artificially modified by selection bias. Landry RG, Jean M. Nevertheless, the instrument’s diagnostic criteria were basically unaffected by the modifications.
The information was used to assess the individuals’ periodontal health, and diagnosis based on these data resulted in the gold standard. Measures of gingival recession, tooth mobility, intensity of inflammation, precise identification of pocket depths or differentiation between supra- and subgingival calculus are not included in the CPITN.
The difference between the actual prevalence of disease in the sample and that estimated through the test was 23 percentage points. It is taken for granted that periodontal disease varies considerably among populations 16,17,20,21,22 and that severe limitations in the current disease descriptors exist 23,24, The advantages of the CPITN procedure have become more evident following 7 years of development and field experience. To calculate a sample size that would allow all the necessary calculations of operational characteristics of the CPITN, sensitivity and specificity of the index were estimated in a pilot study including 50 randomly selected individuals from the same pcitn.
CPITN and the epidemiology of periodontal disease.
Assesment of periodontal disease using the CPITN index in rural population in Ninevah, Iraq
Oppermann supervised the literature review, assisted in the elaboration of the protocol, supervised the data analysis, and supervised and contributed to drafting of the manuscript. The best sensitivity values were observed for the severe cutoff point both for the full and partial CPITN.
It is routinely carried out in dentistry and allied specialties. ReadCube Visualizar o texto.
Dentistry involving supporting structures of teeth Periodontology. There is a need for dental prophylaxis and instruction in the use of oral hygiene procedures. Oral hygiene instruction because bleeding on probing usually indicates the presence of plaque induced gingivitis.
Braz Dent J ; When the operational characteristics of the CPITN were evaluated according to lndex cutoff points of disease severity, the best balance between sensitivity and specificity appeared in the moderate category Figures 2 and 3.
If only 1 tooth is present in a sextant, the tooth is included in the adjoining sextant. Relationship between clinical probing depth and reactivity to the BANA test of samples of subgingival microbiota from patients with periodontitis. Debridement Scaling and root planing Full mouth disinfection Full mouth ultrasonic debridement. Braz Dent J Can culture be considered the primary reference standard. The screening tests operated similarly. Periodontal status of older Floridians attending senior activity centers.
This study aimed to assess knowledge of and attitudes towards periodontal health among adults in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Retrieved from ” https: This report reviews the CPITN procedure and describes in detail the use of the method for both purposes. These points should be considered when evaluating data from studies describing the periodontal health status of populations through these instruments. Validity of Indeex assumptions of hierarchical occurrence of periodontal conditions in cpihn Kenyan population aged years.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; The odds of a positive test in a diseased individual was 3. Four tabulations provide an insight into the overall pattern of prevalence, severity and categories of treatment need.
Validity of partial systems of periodontal examination in epidemiological studies.