Scientific Name, Epinotia aporema [TAX]. Lineage, cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Protostomia;. Epinotia aporema granulovirus (EpapGV) is a fast killing betabaculovirus that infects the bean shoot borer (E. aporema) and is a promising. A granulovirus (GV) isolated from Epinotia aporema (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)—a major soybean pest—was studied in terms of its main.
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An Soc Entomol Brasil Chemical communication, sex pheromone, calling periodicity, Y-olfactometer test.
Multiplex PCR and quality control of Epinotia aporema granulovirus production.
Male genitalia are characterized by a short triangular uncuslarge triangular sociiand a parallel-sided cucullus. Both colonies were kept in BOD-type incubators under a The first choice of aporemq in the olfactometer tests was analyzed by the Chi-square test, and the number of entrances to each arm by the Student’s t-test for paired samples.
epinofia Chemical Identification and Male Behavioral Response. Likewise, the probability of mating is expected to increase as the calling period within the scotophase is lengthened.
The general biology and population dynamics of this species is fully described: The male forewing is mostly brown to reddish brown with a pale dorsum and large costal patch. Interestingly, our apodema suggest that older females tend to begin calling earlier in the scotophase, thereby sporema the calling period.
In soybean, the larvae feed on vegetative plant parts affecting the normal growth of the plant. Later instars may tunnel into stems, floral buds, and pods.
Indeed, the description of the time pattern of pheromone emission will facilitate the collection and chemical characterization of the sex pheromones by dissections of the glands during the peak of female calling h into the scotophase. While two related tortricids, P.
The female posture during calling was clearly different from the normal resting position. An immunochemical method for quantitation of Epinotia aporema granulovirus EpapGV. Effects of different host-plant species on growth, development and feeding of the bud borer, Epinotia aporema Lepidoptera: No courtship behaviour was observed when the males reached the mesh that separated the olfactometer from the tube holding the calling epinoyia.
Bol Univ Repub Fac Agron The proportion of calling females was analyzed by a two-factor ANOVA in which the effects of female age and hour within the scotophase were evaluated as independent factors proportion data transformed as arcsine p.
Tortricidae is an important peinotia of legume crops in South America.
Entomophthorales for the biocontrol of Epinotia aporema Wals. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, p. After the onset of the photophase, females were returned to the incubator. Most females started calling during the aporemw scotophase, and all females called from the third, between the fifth and seventh hours after the onset of the scotophase.
Genome of Epinotia aporema granulovirus EpapGVa polyorganotropic fast killing aporemma with a novel thymidylate kinase gene. For instance, species with a delay in the onset of reproductive behaviour may need to migrate prior to mating in response to habitat deterioration McNeil et al Other species of Crocidosemaincluding the cosmopolitan C.
In these populations we found the same temporal pattern for female calling Uruguayan population and mating Brazilian populationsuggesting that no inter-population variation occurs in this species regarding the time frame of reproductive behavior. Half of the males did not move from their original tubes, and were not taken into consideration. Here we describe the posture of C. Epinoia aporema adults were obtained from two laboratory populations that were kept in similar conditions in our laboratories in Brazil and Uruguay.
Epinotia aporema granulovirus
Crocidosema aporema Walsingham Tortricidae: The olfactometer was an all-glass Y-maze with equal arms 17 cm long, epinktia cm diameter. Engaging in reproduction as early as possible is likely to be advantageous for moths with short adult lives such as C.
Both males and females increase their flight activity upon the onset of the scotophase, and quickly return to quiescence at the beginning of the photophase. Larval Morphology For information on the epinogia of Crocidosema aporemaplease consult the fact sheet and keys on LepIntercept – An identification resource for intercepted Lepidoptera larvae.