Alexander Gerschenkron was a Ukrainian-born American economic . In , Gerschenkron wrote an essay Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, a cornerstone of his career, and of. C. P. KINDLEBERGER. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By A. GERSCHENKRON. Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Author: Faemi Kirg
Country: Swaziland
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 23 April 2008
Pages: 78
PDF File Size: 6.18 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.91 Mb
ISBN: 453-9-79989-180-8
Downloads: 46837
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Brahn

But it began equivocally. Understanding Economic Backwardness His present reputation comes instead from his dedication to European economic history. Gerschenkron also warns of the possible difficulties of creating a government monopoly. Gerschenkron kept to his Russian economix his economics, history and as a critic of Russian literature. After graduation, Gerschenkron got married and had a child.

Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia

His early life was eventful. InGerschenkron and his family emigrated to the United States after the annexation of Austria to the German Reich. Few who were recruited could desist, regardless of initial inclinations that were not directed to economic history. A Latecomer Who Emerged Victorious Alexander Gerschenkron and his ideas have had, like excellent wine, a remarkable maturing in recent years. The finished Gulick book, Austria from Habsburg to Hitlera two-volume work, published in Berkeley: Apparently disadvantageous initial conditions of access to gerscgenkron could be overcome through new institutional arrangements.

Later in life he would pick up languages with ease—Swedish one week, Bulgarian the next.

After all the discussion of major changes supposedly required in the system of international financial flows in the past few years, backwardnexs has, in fact, happened. These new issues are not ones that Gerschenkron explicitly raised. Born in Odessa inhe died in Cambridge, Massachusetts in InGerschenkron wrote an essay Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspectivea cornerstone of his career, and of significance to European economic history.


There he rapidly learned German, as well as Latin, enabling him to attempt to pass the entrance examination for secondary school within seven months. Gerschenkron was born in Odessa into an elite family of the Russian intelligentsia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective — Alexander Gerschenkron | Harvard University Press

Alexander Gerschenkron and his ideas have had, like excellent wine, a remarkable maturing in recent years. This was a period when relationships with the Soviet Union became central to the United States, and when there were few others with his knowledge, interest and immense capacity to immerse himself in any and all information.

His acceptance marked the real beginning of his academic career that subsequently was to flourish over the rest of his life.

This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. He worked on the Federal Reserve Board for four years, and was eventually promoted to the head of the International Section.

That accounted for its earlier attention, where the conditional nature of its predictions gerschejkron strongly with its Marxist and Rostovian alternatives. Such unbalanced growth was frequently made feasible through state participation.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective

Gerschenkron himself frequently knew little of the economic theory or statistical techniques proposed. His third great contribution came through his students.

The collection of essays under review, which opens with the backwardness thesis and closes with appendices on industrial development in Italy and Bulgaria with reflections on Soviet literature along the way — has achieved a hallowed acceptance. During his time on the Federal Reserve Board, Gerschenkron established himself as an expert on the Soviet economy.


With a monopoly in place, the government could set a price policy, which would force a number of farmers to discontinue grain production for the market and eventually carry out the needed adjustment of high cost agriculture to the international market conditions. He and his wife wrote an article together on translations of Shakespeare, which was published in a literary journal. It pefspective likewise anti-Rostovian. Should one engage in significant land reform?

Alexander Gerschenkron

Im furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. In other parts of the world, and in a later time period, larger amendments are frequently required, and sometimes forgotten by current advocates.

At Harvard, he led the Economic History Workshop and taught courses on Soviet economics and economic history.

Harvard offered him a position as a tenured professor, the successor to Abbot Payson Usher. This has not much altered the pattern of development. He influenced a generation of Harvard economists through his required graduate course in economic history.

Rarer still is the doctoral student in economic history who remains uninfluenced by gerschenkroon beguiling hypotheses about the process of historical change within Europe since the Industrial Revolution.

Long-standing friendships were broken, as with John Kenneth Galbraith.

Author: admin