Hulagu Khan (ca. ) was a Mongol conqueror and the founder of the dynasty of the Il-Khans of Iran. He also suppressed the Ismaili sect and defeated . fifth son of Tolui (and thus grandson of Čengiz Khan) and founder of the R. E. Latham, London and New York, , index s.v. “Hulagu”). Hulagu Khan Destroyed Thousands Of Priceless Ancient Books Kept In The House Of Wisdom In Baghdad. | June 21, | Ancient History.

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Hulagu was friendly to Christianity, as his mother was a Nestorian Christian. This article is about the founder of the Ilkhanate. Many historical accounts describe the three Christian rulers Hetum, Bohemond, and Kitbuqa entering the city of Damascus together in triumph, [18] [19] though some modern historians such as David Halakku have questioned this story as apocryphal.

If you enter several tags, separate with commas. Hulagu subsequently besieged the city, which surrendered after 12 days. The Caliphs of the 12th and 13th centuries had begun to develop links with the expanding Mongol Empire in the east. From the head of the Mongol army, anxious to halakh the perfidious nation nalaku the Saracens, with the good-will support of the Christian faith So many people died or fled that neither the labour nor the organization were sufficient to maintain the canal system.

Hulagu’s Mongol army set out for Baghdad in November Along with all other libraries in Baghdad, the House of Wisdom was destroyed by the army of Halakj during the Siege of Baghdad.

It is very strange that the victor takes up the way of life of the vanquished in this case. Kirakos of Gandzak, History of the Armenianstr.

HULĀGU KHAN – Encyclopaedia Iranica

Hulagu began his ,han in Iran with several offensives against Nizari groups, including the Assassinswho lost their stronghold of Alamut. Your email address will not be published. On February 13, the Halakj entered the city of the caliphs, commencing a full week of pillage and destruction.

Berke and his forces went as far as Darband in pursuit of the Il-khanid troops before returning home. For instance, Hulagu, who led Mongol forces into the Middle East during the second wave of the invasions inhad with him a thousand squads of engineers, evidently of halalu Chinese or perhaps Khitan provenance.


Al-Musta’sim finally decided to do battle with them and sent out a force of 20, cavalry to attack the Mongols. Under Hulagu’s leadership, the siege of Baghdad destroyed Baghdad’s standing in the Islamic world and weakened Damascuscausing a shift of Islamic influence to the Mamluk Sultanate in Cairo.


Berke Khan, a Muslim convert, had promised retribution in his rage khqn Hulagu’s sack of Baghdad, and allied himself with the Mamluks. His daughter-in-law, Absh Khatunwas sent to Shiraz to reign in February Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Almost immediately, a smaller raiding force, perhaps numbering 6, horsemen, was dispatched to northern Syria. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:.

Many historical accounts describe the three Christian rulers Hetoum, Bohemond, and Kitbuqa ha,aku the city of Damascus together in triumph, Groussetthough some modern historians such as David Morgan have questioned this story as apocryphal Morgan On January 29, the Mongol army began khn siege of Baghdad, constructing a palisade and a ditch around the city.

A Brief History of Iraq. A Christian Mass was celebrated in the Grand Mosque of the Umayyads the former cathedral of Saint John the BaptistRichardand numerous mosques were profaned. The Mongols used all their military power against Alamut, while also offering clemency if the Assassin leader would surrender.

The Mamluk leader Baibars mostly implemented hit-and-run tactics in an attempt to lure the Mongol forces into chasing him. According to most accounts, the caliph was killed by trampling. Canals were cut as a military tactic and never repaired. The Mamluk sources provide some interesting details for the biography of the first Il-khan. The Abbasid caliphate could supposedly call upon 50, soldiers for the defense of their capital, including the 20, cavalry under al-Musta’sim.

Hulagu Khan – Wikipedia

Nestorian Christianityconverted to Buddhism on his deathbed. However, the thirteenth century did see a vogue of Mongol things in the West. The large size of the army, together with families and herds, necessitated a slow and deliberate march across Central Asia. This seems, therefore, to be a story current in the Mamluk sultanate, which tells us more about Mamluk tastes and perceptions than reality in the Il-khanate.


The dynasty unified much of Iran following several-hundred years of political fragmentation. Almost the whole Kha army that had remained in the region, including Kitbuqa, were either killed or captured that day. Hulagu’s conquests also opened Iran to both European influence from the west and Chinese influence from the east.

But after the destruction of the library at Baghdad, Islam came under the heaviest attacks from those who wanted to remove its pristine revolutionary concepts of life. But when Hulagu massed his armies to attack the Mamluks and avenge the defeat at Ain Jalut, he was instead drawn into civil war with Batu Khan ‘s brother Berke.

Jahrhundert anhand ihres BriefwechselsVatican City,pp.

Hulagu’s army greatly expanded the southwestern portion of the Mongol Empirefounding the Ilkhanate of Persiaa precursor to the eventual Safavid dynastyand then the modern state of Iran. At that moment Mongke Khan died, so Hulagu, as an heir and potential Great Khan, was obliged to return to Mongolia for the election halxku a new Khan.

Abaqa KhanTekuderand Taraqai. The Mongol leader Kitbuqa, already provoked by the constant fleeing of Baibars jhan his troops, decided to march forwards with all his troops on the trail of the fleeing Egyptians.

The city was taken on 13 February and subjected to a week of looting and massacre. Hulagu demanded surrender; the caliph refused, warning the Mongols that they faced the wrath of God if they attacked the caliph. The border of the Khab Ilkhanate remained at the Tigris River for the duration of Hulagu’s dynasty. The Mongols rolled the caliph up in a rug, and rode their horses over him, as they believed that the earth would be offended if it were touched by royal blood.

Reviving pride in the cultural legacy of Iran, this may have contributed to the way in which Iranian Islam distinguished itself from the Islam of the Arab world and later from that of the Ottoman Empire.

Baghdad had for centuries been the capital of the Abbasid Caliphatethe third caliphate whose rulers were descendants of Abbasan uncle of Muhammad.

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