The Hanuman Langur is grey washed with buff or silvery shades. Their hands and feet are black and they have long tails for balancing on tree limbs. They are. Hanuman Langur (or Grey Langur). Scientific Name. Semnopithecus entellus. Range. Western Bangladesh and eastern India. Habitats. Forest. What do they eat. Gray langurs are large and fairly terrestrial, inhabiting forest, open lightly wooded habitats, and urban areas on the Indian subcontinent.

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John Oates Himalayan populations experience strong seasonality in their habitat between cold winters temperatures can fall as low as Because they are considered sacred and also due to their less aggressive behavior compared to other primates, langurs are generally not considered pests in many parts of India.

Further, they have a larger body size than others among the gray langurs Groves Relationships between groups tend to be agonistic. They sleep during the night in trees but also on man-made structures like towers and electric poles when in human settlements. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Applied Animal Behaviour Science.

It has a yellowish-white coloration, especially on the ventrum and some brown on the dorsum and limbs with the forelimbs darkest Groves ; Brandon-Jones When langurs mate, they are sometimes harassed by other group members. Infanticide is more commonly reported in uni-male groups, possibly because situations where one male breeds ganuman the evolution of this trait.

Gray langur

Nevertheless, attitudes have somewhat changed partly due to secularization. The taxonomy of the gray langur is debated, and until recently, all gray langurs were subsumed under one species, S. When langurs mate, they are sometimes disrupted by other group members.

There are some populations that have only multi-male groups as mixed sex groups while others have only uni-male groups as mixed sexed groups. Dussumier’s Malabar langur, southern plains gray langur; S. In captivity, females can be reproductively active well into their late 20s P. Gray langurs langurr mostly vegetarian but are not exclusively leaf-eating like some colobines Vogel October 28, Written by Kurt Gron.


The gestation period of gray langur lasts llangur days, at least at Jodhpur, India. Tropical and temperate forests, savannah, farmland, alpine scrub and desert edges.

hannuman When resting in trees, they generally prefer the highest branches. High-ranking males from different groups will display, vocalize, and fight among themselves. This is the case with the population probably S.

Primate Factsheets: Gray langur (Semnopithecus) Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology

Gray langurs can adapt to a variety of habitats. While females remain in their natal groups, males will leave when they reach adulthood. Hanuman langurs are large furry primates that are mainly grey in colour, with black faces and ears. Males and females in a group tend to be calm and cooperative.

However higher-ranking females give out and receive grooming more than lower ranking females. Langurs are considered sacred in the Hindu religion and are sometimes kept for religious purposes by Hindu priests and for training for roadside performance. The youngest females rank highest and they drop in rank as they age. In captivity, gray langurs can live into their early thirties, and in the wild males may live past 18 years old and females past 30 Borries et al.

Gray langurs are diurnal. Himalayan gray langurs in Nepal spent their time feeding They can adapt well to human settlements, and are found in villages, towns, residential areas, tourist areas, temple grounds, orchards and cultivated areas. Although they are principally tree-living animals, hanuman langurs are happy to live on the ground in habitats with few trees. Externally, the various species mainly differ in the darkness of the hands and feet, the overall color and the presence or absence of a crest.


The upper hindquarters are whitish and the head is creamy colored. Other populations have seasonal reproduction. In some areas, reproduction is year-around.

It has been suggested that Trachypithecus should be considered only a subgenus of Semnopithecus. They are named after the Hindu monkey God, Hanuman, who is said to have burned his laangur and face while rescuing a woman from a fire.

This makes the females come into oestrus quicker, so the new leaders can start to father their own offspring. However there are some groups of different religions that will hunt langurs for medical purposes and parts of gray langurs are sometimes kept as amulets and seen as having positive effects for the bearer.

They will also groom each other regardless of their rank. In some areas, wild cattle and deer wait under arboreally feeding gray langurs and eat foods dropped by the primates Punekar Body size is around average for the gray langurs Brandon-Jones Langurs at the Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, RajasthanWhile many populations of gray langurs are stable, in some areas they are declining, and kangur the black-footed gray langur and Kashmir gray langur are considered threatened.

Hanuman Langur

You must have JavaScript enabled to fill out this form. Kamal Kumar Dua Gray langurs are diurnalspending their nights in sleeping trees usually more than two near to one another in one study averaging around 12 m These langurs are largely gray some more yellowishwith lagnur black face and ears.

India has laws prohibiting the capturing or killing of langurs.

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