View Contents. Hiponatremia, h.. BIBLIOGRAFÍA. Hiponatremia, hipernatremia y mortalidad en pacientes con nefropatía crónica. Mary E. Choi; Joseph Loscalzo. farsightedness, long-sightedness, hyperopia CD hipermetropía f hipernatremia f hypacusis CE) hipoacusia f hipocapnia f hypocapnia CD hipo- capnia f hipocinesia f ® hypokinesia CE) hi- + m) hipocrómico E«> hypochromic CE) . Hiponatremia e hipernatremia. Jose Miguel Castellón. Hiponatremia hipernatremia. fernandomolinalino. Fisiopatologia trastornos del Sodio.

Author: Sajind Migrel
Country: Japan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Business
Published (Last): 23 October 2013
Pages: 184
PDF File Size: 4.24 Mb
ePub File Size: 19.37 Mb
ISBN: 937-7-95602-533-2
Downloads: 37912
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Bragul

Translation of “hipernatremia” in English

In our sample, all cases had onset within 15 days from birth, with a median age at admission that was slightly greater compared to the age reported in other case series, which can probably be explained by our study focusing on newborns admitted after discharge from the maternity ward.

The median age at admission was 5. The most common reasons care was sought in our case series were, with equal frequency, irritability and jaundice, presenting symptoms that were consistent with the literature, which also describes presentations with hypertonia and hyperreflexia, altered level of consciousness or seizures, which were not observed in any of our patients 14, The overall frequency of HND in our sample 0.

There are few studies on its incidence in Spain. Table 2 summarises the findings of other diagnostic tests. In most cases, the presenting complaints were problems associated with BF with signs that were easily identified in a basic physical examination. The medium serum creatine level in our sample was 0. Out of the 22 NBs discharged with a diagnostic code of hypernatremic dehydration, 20 met the criteria for inclusion and 2 were excluded due to evidence of a triggering disease thrombophilia, urinary tract infection [UTI] The mean incidence during the year under study was 0.

Hipo e hipernatremia by daniela de la viña on Prezi

The median percentage of weight loss relative to the birth weight was The mean gestational age at birth was The aim of our study was to determine the incidence of hospital admission due to severe HND and to describe the associated risk factors for the purpose of proposing preventive measures. Two of the newborns were delivered by caesarean section, one due to nonreassuring foetal heart rate tracings and the other due to prolonged labour.


We compared our results for the most important epidemiologic variables with the findings of previous studies. Hypernatremic dehydration HND in exclusively breastfed newborns NBs is a health problem that started being featured in the literature in the s.

In our well-child programme, the first check-up visit is scheduled at 15 days post birth, which in our opinion is too late to detect problems derived from inadequate BF in at-risk NBs, as jipernatremia data imply. We excluded patients with underlying conditions or concomitant infection.

Although the actual incidence of HND in Spain is unknown, it is considered a significant public health problem due to its repercussions; the estimated incidence is 1.

Meaning of “hiponatremia” in the Portuguese dictionary

We estimated the size of the susceptible population during the hpo under study at 41 newborns, which corresponded to the newborns delivered in the maternity departments of one secondary level hospital and one tertiary level hospital that are both part of the public health system in the catchment area of our sample.

Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria.

Contrary to other studies, we did not find an association with caesarean delivery, as in Spain this intervention usually does not entail a hipermatremia of more than 12 hours in BF initiation The primary variable under study was the serum sodium level measured in a venous blood sample. We also categorised the reason parents sought care in our hospital based on the presenting symptoms: One of the limitations of our study, which was due to its retrospective design, was hipernayremia we were unable to obtain data on parental educational attainment.

hipernatremia – Translation into English – examples Portuguese | Reverso Context

We compared differences in the incidence between the warm seasons spring and summer and the cold seasons autumn and winter by means of the Student t test. Other, less frequent reasons to seek care were refusal to feed and appearance of urate crystals in the diaper.


The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare in relation to the preparation and publication of this article. In agreement with the previous literature, we did not find relevant features in the prenatal or perinatal history in our sample of NBs Severe neonatal hypernatremic dehydratation in the initiation of the breastfeeding: In contrast with the improvement in care delivery in other aspects, hipernayremia did not find a declining hipernatremiaa in incidence in our patients during the period under study, nor in relation to the data from previous studies, which indicates that we need to develop strategies to address this yet unresolved problem.

None of the patients died or had severe complications. Another possibility would be to schedule a visit to measure the NB on the day that they are brought in for the heel prick test, or to establish education programmes for mothers in maternity wards 13, We believe that BF provides the best nutrition for the infant, but that it requires adequate monitoring, as having the first routine child wellness checkup early on, at day 7 post birth, could help reduce the incidence of lactation failure and HND.

This condition is underdiagnosed, as it presents with nonspecific symptoms such as lethargy, although some patients become irritable instead. Most mothers in our sample were primiparous, and the median maternal age was 34 years, which was consistent with previous studies where hipernattremia median ages of the mothers age were 30 17 and 34 years, As reference for Spain, the incidence of hypernatremia per live births found in a study in Asturias was hlpernatremia.

Author: admin