A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, the system of jagirs was retained by Rajput and Sikh kingdoms, and later . The Mughals continued the Jagirdari system while making slight changes to the way they ruled. Under Mughals, the Jagirdars were allowed to collect taxes. Jāgīrdār system: Jagirdar system, a form of land tenancy developed in India during The early Mughal emperors (16th century) wished to abolish it, preferring to.
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Role of Mansabdari and Jagirdari System During Mughal Empire
Being feudalistic in character, it tended to enfeeble the central government by setting up quasi-independent baronies. Generally, the jama included land revenue, in-land transit duties, port customs and other taxes too.
The difference between theses two systems was that under jagirdari system, it was not land that was assigned, but the income from the land was given to the jagirdars. People, Princes and Colonialism.
Tankhwah jagirs, which were given in lieu of cash salary. There was no fixing of the number of Mansabdars. Skip to sjstem Mughal Jagirdari System The system of assignment of revenue of a particular territory to the nobles for their services to the state continued under the Mughals also.
It is of great interest to note as observed by J.
There is a definite difference between these two terms of Mansabdari and Wajahdari system. Contact our editors with your feedback. At the same time, it was used for distributing the revenue jaigrdari among the ruling classes.
Role of Mansabdari and Jagirdari System During Mughal Empire
Though in theory, the Mansabdari position was open to all, in practice, the Mughals gave importance to heredity factor and as such Khanzads or house-born and Zamindars were given preference along with Turanis, Iranis, Afghans, Rajputs and Marathas and the Deccanis by Aurangzeb in particular for military reasons. It suited the Mughal Empire especially from 17th century onwards for the smooth functioning of the jagirdari system. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The faujdar often helped the jagirdar to collect revenue whenever difficulties arose.
The diwan of the suba was supposed to prevent the oppression on the peasants by the jagirdars.
The Mughal Jagirdari and Mansabdari System – IAS OUR DREAM
Jagir could consist of single portion in a village, several village or entire parganas. This system of transfers checked the jagirdars from developing local roots. On the other hand, if it was less than the salary claim the short fall was paid from the treasury. Views Read Edit View history. The foundation of jagirdari system was laid by Akbar; although in rudimentary form it was evolved by Sher Shah Suri. The word Hagirdari means a place, a position, an honour and a rank, which happened to be an integral part of the elaborate Mughal bureaucracy.
Depending on the rank the Jagirdar was assigned the jagirvari of revenue in lieu of salary in cash. Thank you for your feedback. We also come across the term Zamindars xystem Mansabdars and Jagirdars in the official Mughal records. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Jagirdari system was an integral part of the mansabdari system which developed under Akbar and underwent certain changes during the reign of his successors.
We also notice an evolution in the beginning and the growth of this institution. These assignments were given in lieu of cash salaries. Asher; Cynthia Talbot When a Zamindar was made a mansabdar, he was given Tankha Jagir apart from his watan Jagir at another place, if the salary of his rank was more than the income from his watan Jagir. In the Mughal times, the jagirdar collected taxes which paid his salary and the rest to the Mughal treasury, while the administration and military authority was given to a separate Mughal appointee.
Under Shahjahan, new regulations prescribing the size of the contingent under various sawar ranks were introduced.
This example opened the way to a flood of corruption that nearly ruined both Bengal and the company and which Clive himself later struggled to control. Of these varieties, Tankha Jagirs were transferable for every three or four years.
First class was in equal number to Jat and sawar, second class Jat and half or more than half of sawar and third class Jat and less than half of sawar. The imperial bureaucracy kept a vigilant watch over the Jagirdars. You are commenting using your WordPress. The Mughal emperors also implemented this system and the areas assigned were called Jagirs and their holders, Jagirdars.
This kept the jagirdar in loss, if they were in areas where Rabi cultivation was taking place as the prices were less than Kharif. Tankha Jagirs were given in lieu of salaries, Mashrut Jagirs were given on certain conditions, and Watan Jagirs were assigned to Zamindar or rajas in their local dominions.
The revenue of Khalisa territory was collected and deposited in the imperial treasury. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. These jagirs were transferable every three or four years 2. This feudal system of land ownership is referred to as the jagirdar system. Faujdar used to help the Jagirdas if they faced any difficulty in the collection of revenue. The transfer system, according to him, meant that jagirdars took no interest in improving methods of cultivation, means of irrigation, and quality of crops or improving the conditions of Mughal peasantry.
Later on grants made for religious and charitable purposes and even to non-Rajputs were called jagirs, and both in its popular sense and legislative practice, the word jagir came to be used as connoting all grants which conferred on the grantees rights in respect of land revenue, and that is the sense in which the word jagir should be construed in Article A.