THE title al-Khulafa ar:Rashidun, or ‘the rightly. guided Khalifas’, is given to the four who immedi·. ~te1Y”’succeeded Mu1:Iammad-Abu Bakr,’Umar. ‘lJthman and . Those Caliphs who truly followed in the Prophet’s foot steps are called ‘The Rightly-Guided Caliphs’ (Al-Khulafa-ur Rashidun in Arabic). KHULAFA-E-RASHIDUN Khulafa or Caliphs are the leaders of an Islamic state or The period of rule of the Khulafa E Rashid or Khulafa ar Rashidun was of.

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The Rashidun Caliphate reached its greatest extent under Caliph Uthmanin Hasan bin Ali R C. Umar was then able to transfer forces to the east and resume the offensive against the Sasanians.

Sharia and Islamic ethics.

Abu Ubaida himself along with Khalid, moved to northern Syria once again to conquer it with a 17, man army. He divided the Muslim army into several corps.

In return for a tribute of money and food for the troops of occupation, the Christian inhabitants of Egypt were excused from military service and left free in the observance of their religion and the administration of their affairs.

Rashidun Caliphate

After the conquest of Iraq, Khalid left Mesopotamia to lead another campaign in Syria against the Byzantine Empire, after which Mithna ibn Haris took command in Mesopotamia. You have always based your decisions on knowedge, and once you have made your decisions, you have always kept a firm resolve to execute them The officers were appointed by the Caliph.

Omar, the second caliph, regulated this distribution and also the system of taxation, and the result was the first divan and the constitution of Omar, looked back to now by all Sunnite Moslems as an ideal. Hasan was assassinated, and Mu’awiya gained control of the Caliphate and founded the Umayyad Caliphatemarking the end of the Rashidun Caliphate.


Soon thereafter, Ali dismissed several provincial governors, some of whom were relatives of Uthman, and replaced them razhidun trusted aides such as Malik al-Ashtar and Salman the Persian. The Muslim armies reached it in July It has been pointed out in history that the fact that Muhammad ordered his companions, but not his family, to leave Medina right before he knew he was about to die [31] is proof that he did not intend for his companions to decide on his succession.

During the reign of Caliph Umar, there were restrictions on the building of palatial buildings by raahidun rich and elites, this was symbolic of the egalitarian society of Islam, where all were equal, although the restrictions were later revoked by Caliph Kkhulafa because of the financial prosperity of ordinary men, and the construction of double story building was permitted.

Rashidun | caliphs |

After the three-day deadline was over, the Muslim cavalry under Khalid’s command attacked the Roman army by catching up to them using an unknown shortcut at the battle of Maraj-al-Debaj. Khalid ibn Walid was the first general of the Rashidun Caliphate to conquer foreign lands and to trigger the wholesale deposition of the two most powerful empires.

Other already populated areas were greatly expanded. The continued existence of the Persian government was however an incitement to revolt in the conquered territories and unlike the Byzantine army, the Sasanian army was continuously striving to regain their lost territories.

With the extension in conquests money came in larger quantities, Umar also allowed salaries to men fighting in the army. Only persons whose annual wealth exceeded a minimum level rashkdun were collected from.


The neutrality of this article is disputed. Returning from Arabia, he received news of the assembling of a large Persian army. Ancient Arab States Kingdom of Qedar. The amount of these pensions varied with the standing of the pensioner from 10, dirhems a dirhem equalled about a franc to the widows and relations of the Prophet down to The movement was organized by Islam, but khulada masses were af to join it by quite other than religious motives.

Nothing happened until the third week of August in which the Battle of Yarmouk was fought. On assuming office, the Governor was khuoafa to assemble the people in the main mosqueand read the instrument of instructions before them. During Uthman’s reign the people of the empire enjoyed a prosperous life. I know you are the same people who had raised the same question about his father.


About the fixation of the allowance there were two opinions. On his death a leader was put in his place of similar authority, though without the divine prophetic guidance.

Empires largest ancient great powers medieval great powers modern great powers. At that time, kharaj was synonymous with jizyah ohulafa, which later emerged as a poll tax paid by dhimmis. But the majority were merely a band of men without views, whose aim was a change not of system, but of persons in their own interest.

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